Where is Montenegro?

Located in Southeastern Europe, Montenegro has a 680.00 km border with Albania (186 km), Bosnia and Herzegovina (242 km), Croatia (19 km), Kosovo (76 km) and Serbia (157 km). It has a 294.00 km coastline.

Podgorica is the capital city of Montenegro. It is situated at the confluence of Rivers Ribnica and Moraca, at the meeting point of Zeta Valley and Bjelopavli?i Valley. The city was previously known as Titograd. It first served as the capital of the Social Republic of Montenegro, after its liberation after World War II. The city is centrally positioned in the country. It is the most populated region in the country, having approximately 29.9% of the country’s total population. Podgorica experiences a blend of Mediterranean and humid sub-tropical climates. The city is a top cultural and tourist destination in the country. It hosts several museums, parks, and galleries that preserve the history and artworks of Podgorica and Montenegro in general. The tourist attraction sites attract both international and local tourists to the city.

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Montenegro is a European country covering 13,812.00 km2 of which 2.61% is water and 13,452.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 39th smallest country in the world and slightly smaller than Connecticut. Its geographic coordinates are 42 30 N, 19 18 E and Podgorica is the capital city.

The name Montenegro comes from the term "black mountain".

Its ISO code is ME.

Geography

Montenegro has a mean elevation of 1,086 m above sea level.

it has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and cold winters. Its terrain is mostly rugged with high limestone mountains and plateaus.

Population

Montenegro has a population of 644,578 making it the 166th largest in the world. The majority of the population is concentrated in the south.

Serbian and Montenegrin are the most commonly spoken languages. The major ethnic groups include Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosniak, and Albanian. The majority of the country is Orthodox Christian.

The official language of Montenegro is Montenegrin. It was documented as the official language of Montenegro on October 22, 2007. The natives also commonly refer to it as Serbian. Montenegrin is a dialect of Serbo-Croatian. It is a Slavic language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. Montenegrin uses the Latin and the Cyrillic alphabet. However, the Latin alphabet is more common. The minority languages spoken in Montenegrin include Albanian, Bosnian, and Croatian. Italian is mostly in the Bay of Kotor Montenegrin. Montenegrin has a close similarity to other Slavic languages. The similarity of phrases and words with other languages is due to loanwords and close interrelationships of the languages at some point in history.

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The dialing code for the country is 382.

Government

Montenegro is an independent country. It gained independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. Its constitution was last ratified in 2007.

The Republic of Montenegro is a representative parliamentary democracy. The country practices multi-party democracy. The president heads the state while the prime minister is in charge of the affairs of the government. The presidential elections are held after every five years whereas the Member of Parliament election is held after every four years. The President of Montenegro is only eligible to serve for a maximum of two terms of 5 years each. They use the secret ballot in the elections. Filip Vujanovic is the current president of the Republic of Montenegro. Filip was re-elected to serve his second term in 2013. After the president is elected, he proposes a name of an appropriate candidate for the prime minister position to the parliament. The parliament then assesses the candidate’s viability before appointing him as the prime minister. The current prime minister of the country, who is also the head of the government, is Duško Markovi?.

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Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Montenegro's GDP is $10,610,000,000.00 (USD) with $17,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 157th largest economy and its citizens the 93rd richest in the world. The currency of Montenegro is the Euro (EUR).

Its major export partners are Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia. Its major import partners are Serbia, Greece, and China.

Flag

The flag of Montenegro has had very many different versions over the years. However, following a proposal by the government of Montenegro, a flag design was formally chosen in a parliamentary session in 2004. The design was officially gazetted in 2007. The current flag is red in color with golden borders. It has a state coat of arms that comprises of a two-headed eagle wearing a golden crown and holding a golden scepter on the right and a blue orb on its left claw. On its breast rests a shield which has a lion on a green field. The current flag is a state flag and is permanently hoisted in the parliament of Montenegro.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018