Where is Mauritania?

Mauritania is an African country covering 1,030,700.00 km2. This makes it the 30th largest country in the world and slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico. Its geographic coordinates are 20 00 N, 12 00 W and Nouakchott is the capital city.

Mauritania has a 5,002.00 km border with Algeria (460 km), Mali (2,236 km), Senegal (742 km) and Western Sahara (1,564 km). Mauritania has claims to Western Sahara, which currently lay dormant.

The name comes from the ancient kingdom of Mauretania.

Its ISO code is MR.


It is located in Western Africa. Mauritania has a mean elevation of 276 m above sea level.

It has a desert climate that is hot, dry, and dusty. Its terrain is mostly barren with some central hills.


Mauritania has a population of 3,677,293 making it the 131st largest in the world. Half of the population lives in or around the coastal capital of Nouakchott.

Arabic is the official language. The major ethnic group reported is black Moors. The overwehlming majority of the country is Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 222.


Mauritania is an independent country. It gained independence from France in 1960. Its constitution was last ratified in 1991.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Mauritania's GDP is $16,710,000,000.00 (USD) with $4,400.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 149th largest economy and its citizens the 168th richest in the world. The currency of Mauritania is the Ouguiya (MRO).

Its major export partners are China, Switzerland, and Spain. Its main exports are iron ore, fish and fish products, and livestock. Its major import partners are China, France, and Morocco. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, petroleum products, and capital goods.