Where is Mali?

Located in interior Western Africa, Mali has a 7,908.00 km border with Algeria (1,359 km), Burkina Faso (1,325 km), Cote d'Ivoire (599 km), Guinea (1,062 km), Mauritania (2,236 km), Niger (838 km) and Senegal (489 km). Demarcation is currently underway between Burkina Faso and Mali.

Mali is an African country covering 1,240,192.00 km2 of which 1.61% is water and 1,220,190.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 23rd largest country in the world and slightly less than twice the size of Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 17 00 N, 4 00 W and Bamako is the capital city.

The name of the country derives from the West African Mali Empire.

Its ISO code is ML.


Mali has a mean elevation of 343 m above sea level.

It has a subtropical climate that is hot and dry from February to June, humid from June to November, and cool and dry from November to February. Its terrain is mostly flat with some rolling plains and rugged hills.


Mali has a population of 17,467,108 making it the 64th largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country.

French is the official language, although Bambara is also widely spoken. The major ethnic groups reported are Bambara, Fulani, and Sarakole. The majority of the population identifies as Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 223.


Mali is an independent country. It gained independence from France in 1960. Its constitution was last ratified in 1992.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Mali's GDP is $38,090,000,000.00 (USD) with $2,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 117th largest economy and its citizens the 193rd richest in the world. The currency of Mali is the Franc (XOF).

Its major export partners are Switzerland, India, and China. its main exports are cotton, gold, and livestock. Its major import partners are the Cote d'Ivoire, France, and Senegal. Its major imports include petroleum, machinery and equipment, and construction materials.

This page was last modified on December 15th, 2017