The capital city of Libya is Tripoli. Tripoli is located on the northwestern portion of Libya, on the edge of the desert close to the Libyan border with Tunisia. It is situated along the Mediterranean coast. Tripoli is served by a network of pipeline water known as the Great Manmade River, which transports water from the desert to the coastal cities. Tripoli was founded by the Phoenicians in the 7th century and named it Oea and grew as a result of the destruction of the neighboring cities by the Vandals. Tripoli became the sole capital of Libya after the 1969 revolution which resulted in the expulsion of the Italians from the country.
Tripoli is the largest and the most populous city in Libya. Together with the metropolitan area, Tripoli has a population of 1.1 million people with the majority of the population living in the city itself. The total population density of Tripoli is about 12,000 people per square miles.
Sandwiched between the Mediterranean and the desert, Tripoli is one of the most attractive cities in Libya. Although often overlooked by tourists, especially because of the recent civil war and the ongoing conflict in Libya, Tripoli has a lot to offer. Some of the attractions in the city include a magnificent national museum, As-Saraya al-Hamra, the old city referred to as medina and the market (souq). The city itself offers a glimpse of the contemporary Libyan life. The Green Square is the city’s epicenter. Visitors can also enjoy some of the attractive beaches along the Mediterranean coast.
Tripoli experiences a hot semi-arid climate characterized by hot summer and fairly mild wet winter. The summer temperatures may exceed 38 degrees Celsius. December is the coldest month with temperatures reaching as low as 0 degrees Celsius. Tripoli receives an annual rainfall of fewer than 400 millimeters. Snowfall has also characterized the city in the past years.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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