Where is Lebanon?

Located in the Middle East, Lebanon has a 484.00 km border with Israel (81 km) and Syria (403 km). It has a 225.00 km coastline. Portoins of the Lebanon-Syria boundary are unclear with several sections in dispute.

Lebanon's largest and capital city is Beirut. It is the backbone of the country's economy, as well as a hotspot for culture. The ancient city of Beirut dates back to ancient days and is a favorite destination for archaeological study. The city is a major port, located on the Mediterranean Sea between two hills. As an administrative center, the city contains important buildings and offices, which include the office of president of the independent state of Lebanon. The parliament building is also located in Beirut. The main economical sectors which fuel the city include banking and tourism.

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Lebanon is an Asian country covering 10,400.00 km2 of which 1.63% is water and 10,230.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 34th smallest country in the world and about one-third the size of Maryland. Its geographic coordinates are 33 50 N, 35 50 E and Beirut is the capital city.

The name Lebanon derives itself from the Semitic root "Ibn".

Its ISO code is LB.

Geography

Lebanon has a mean elevation of 1,250 m above sea level.

It has a Mediterranean climate with cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Its terrain consits of narrow coastal plains, as well as mountains.

Population

Lebanon has a population of 6,237,738 making it the 107th largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in or near the Mediterranean coast.

Arabic is the official language. The majority ethnic group is Arab. The majority of the population is either Muslim or Christian.

Lebanese is considered to be the indigenous language of Lebanon. It is a variety of Arabic. This language is used extensively, especially in poetry and art. It is also the main language in most television shows and radio stations. Multilingualism is very common in Lebanon, and code-switching is not uncommon in the country.

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The dialing code for the country is 961.

Government

Lebanon is an independent country. It gained its independence from the League of Nations in 1943. Its constitution was last ratified in 1926.

The government of Lebanon is categorised as a parliamentary as a well as a democratic government. The Constitution of Lebanon grants its citizens a chance to exercise their democratic rights by voting the members of parliament into office. According to the law, elections must be carried out after every four year period or term. The president, in conjunction with the parliament, elects the prime minister of the nation. The council of ministers in the state are vetted and confirmed by the clergies or the leaders of the various religious organizations. The Lebanese president is not eligible to be re-elected for another term. The first national Assembly of Lebanon was introduced in 1992 after the enactment of the Taif agreement.

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Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Lebanon's GDP is $85,160,000,000.00 (USD) with $18,500.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 90th largest economy and its citizens the 87th richest in the world. The currency of Lebanon is the Pound (LBP).

Its major export partners are Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Iraq. Its main exports are jewelry, base metals, chemicals, and consumer goods. Its major import partners are China, Italy, and Germany. Its major imports include petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, and meat.

Flag

On December 7, 1943, the flag of Lebanon as we know it today was adopted. The flag features stripes of red on the top and bottom of the flag, which are intended to symbolize blood shed by those who fought for freedom in the country's history. The white stands for snow on the mountaintops, as well as for peace. The green cedar tree is native to the country. The flag was designed by Naoum Mokarzel, a famous intellectual and Lebanese nationalist.

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This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018