The capital of Kosovo is Pristina (pronounced as Prishtina). It is notable for having the second largest population of Albanian speakers in the world after Albania’s Tirana. Pristina is located in the north-eastern region of Kosovo, which is 250 kilometres northeast of Tirana. It is considered the heart of Kosovo because of its central location and importance as almost all important institutions have their headquarters in the city. In 1946, Pristina became the capital of the Socialist Autonomous Region of Kosovo, and this ushered in rapid development in the following few years.
Pristina holds the largest portion of Kosovo’s population, being home to more than 210,000 people. The city’s urban area has about 150,000 inhabitants while the rest are located in the rural areas of Pristina. It is approximated that more than 98% of Pristina residents are Albanians while the number of Serbians has significantly reduced due to being expelled or fleeing after the end of the war.
Pristina is Kosovo’s economic heart. It is Kosovo’s largest city and its primary tourist destination. To students from neighboring countries like Albania, Montenegro and Macedonia, Pristina is known as a university center. It is a historic town with many tourist attractions, including Batlave Lake and Marble Cave which are located in the city. You can also find different kinds of infrastructure, like mosques, restored orthodox churches and others. Pristina was developed throughout centuries, and most of its traditional houses and the Kosovo museum symbolize its historic and traditional character.
Pristina covers about 572 square kilometres. One environmental challenge faced by Pristina is that it has no single river, and as a result, it experiences very high water shortages. Its climate is humid continental under the Koppen climate classification, with maritime influences. It has warm summers and winters that are relatively cold and often snowy. January is the coolest month of Pristina while August is the warmest. November is the wettest month while April is the driest.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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