The capital city of Guinea-Bissau is Bissau. Bissau is situated on the Geba River estuary, off the Atlantic Ocean. The city is served by the Port of Bissau which is located on the Geba River. Bissau was founded in 1687 by the Portuguese as a trading center and fortified port. Because of its strategic location on Geba River, the city became an important city for the Portuguese and quickly grew into a big city. It became the capital of Portuguese Guinea in 1942. Bissau became the capital of Guinea-Bissau in 1974 following the country’s interdependence the previous year.


Bissau is the largest and the most populous city in Guinea-Bissau. According to the 2015 population estimates, there are approximately 492,000 people living in the city of Bissau. Being an important trade center, Bissau is a major destination for most locals and foreigners coming into the country. The population of Bissau is almost 15 times the population of the second largest city in Guinea-Bissau, Bafata, which has a population of approximately 30,000 people.


Although Bissau has been damaged by Civil War and frequent unrest, it is still the most attractive city in Guinea-Bissau. It houses several monuments and museums including the Guinea-Bissau National Arts Institute. The Bissau French Cultural Center is an important cultural preservation center in the city, frequented mainly by the foreign tourists. Visitors who want to travel back memory line to the Bissau Dockers’ Strike can visit the Pidjiguiti Memorial. Being in close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, Bissau has several beaches which provide a relaxing environment.


Bissau experiences a tropical savanna climate, much wetter than the same type of climate in other places. The city does not receive any rainfall between December and April. However, the remaining months are quite rainy.The humidity is uncharacteristically high during the wet season, making heat discomfort extreme. The highest recorded temperature in the city is 41.1 degrees Celsius while the lowest ever recorded temperature is 12.2 degrees Celsius.


This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018