The flag of Guatemala consists of the colors blue and white which are formed into three proportional, vertical stripes. The blue appears on both the left and the right side, while white is in the middle. At the center of the flag is the Guatemalan coat of arms which consists of the Quetzal bird at the top, two crossed rifles, and two crossed golden swords, a bay laurel crown, and the words Liberdat De 15 Septiembre De 1821 in a scroll. The flag was formally adopted on August 17, 1871.

The color setup of the flag represents the fact that Guatemala is a country positioned amid two oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans. The white color signifies peace and purity, and the Quetzal bird symbolizes liberty. The laurel crown indicates victory, while the crossed rifles stands for Guatemala's readiness to defend itself by all means including the use of force if the need arises. Crossed swords symbolize honor, and the scrolled words denote Central America's independence from Spain on 15th September 1821.

The Guatemalan flag as it is today was adopted on August 17, 1871, using an Executive Decree during the regime of General Miguel Garcia Granados. However, no record mentions the person or people who designed it.

Throughout history, the Guatemalan Flag has changed, arriving at its present design in the year 1871, with little alterations made on December 26, 1997. As a member of the Federal Republic of Central America, the country used a flag with bands of blue and white as it is today, except they were shaped horizontally from 1825 all through to 1851. Afterwards, red and yellow -the Spanish national colors- were assimilated into the design until 1871, when the current flag was selected. The new flag distinguished itself from those of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Besides, the Guatemalan coat of arms also was remarkably different. It contained as its prime symbol the quetzal, but still the scroll on which the national bird rested contained the date the Central America attained independence on 15th September of 1821.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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