Where is Guatemala?

Located in Central America, Guatemala has a 1,667.00 km border with Belize (266 km), El Salvador (199 km), Honduras (244 km) and Mexico (958 km). It has a 400.00 km coastline. Guatemala is currently involved in land disputes in both Belize and the Caribbean Sea.

The capital city of Guatemala is Guatemala City, which is located in the southeastern region of the country. Guatemala became the capital city in 1776 after an earthquake destroyed the previous city. Guatemala City is the most populous city in Central America. The city area has a population of 2,400,000 people while the metropolitan area has 2,700,000 residents. The city has great tourist attractions and sites ranging from gourmet restaurants, museums displaying Mayan culture, palaces built during the colonial era among other things. The city experiences two climatic seasons: the wet season and the dry season. The rains start from May to October while the dry months are from November to April. The dry months are good for outdoor activities when visiting Guatemala City.

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Guatemala is a North American country covering 108,889.00 km2 of which 1.59% is water and 107,159.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 105th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Pennsylvania. Its geographic coordinates are 15 30 N, 90 15 W and Guatemala City is the capital city.

The name Guatemala comes from the Maya word meaning "Land of Trees".

Its ISO code is GT.


Guatemala has a mean elevation of 759 m above sea level.

It has a tropical climate that is hot and humid in the lowlands and cooler in the highlands. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with a rolling limestone plateau.


Guatemala has a population of 15,189,958 making it the 70th largest in the world. The majority of the population resides in the southern half of the country.

Spanish and Amerindian languages both spoken. Major ethnic groups reported include Mestizo and European. The majority of the country identifies as Roman Catholic, Protestant, or with indigenous Mayan beliefs.

The official language in Guatemala is Spanish. Apart from Spanish, the people of Guatemala speak 21 Mayan languages, two indigenous languages, and the Arawakan group of language. The minority languages are spoken in different parts of the country. The two indigenous languages, Garifuna and Xinca, are spoken by very few people and are near extinction.

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The dialing code for the country is 502.


Guatemala is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1821. Its constitution was last ratified in 1986.

The Republic of Guatemala has a democratic type of government headed by a president and deputy president. The country has a unicameral parliament made up of 158 members. The constitution of 1985 divided the power into three arms of the government, which include the executive, the judiciary, and the legislature. The president and his deputy both have their official residence is Guatemalan National Palace. The general elections are held after four years, and the president can serve for only one term. The deputy president, on the other hand, can only vie for the presidential seat after four years from the time they were in office as deputy president.

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Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Guatemala's GDP is $132,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $7,900.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 78th largest economy and its citizens the 147th richest in the world. The currency of Guatemala is the Quetzal (GTQ).

Its major export partners are the United States and El Salvador. Its main exports are sugar, coffee, and petroleum. Its major import partners are the United States, Mexico, and China. Its major imports include fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, and grain.


The Guatemalan flag, otherwise known as the Pabellón Nacional or Azuliblanco, has officially been used since 1871 before which the country used the flag of the Republic of Central America. The current design has blue on two different sides symbolizing the oceans surrounding the country, and white in the middle as a symbol of peace, all aligned horizontally. The coat of arms is made up of a scroll with the date of independence, two firearms, two swords, the laurel crown, and the national bird. Besides Mozambique, the Guatemalan flag is the only flag that uses firearms in its coat of arms among the United Nations member states.

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This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018

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