The capital city of Greenland is Nuuk. It is the largest city in Greenland and acts as the headquarters of the government. Nuuk is a Greenlandic word meaning "cape". The foundation of the city was laid by Royal Governor Claus Paarss in 1728. At the time, it was known as the fort of Godt-Haab. Nuuk is closer to the cities of Iqaluit and St John’s in Canada than it is to the European continent. Within the country, it is located at the end of the NuupKangerluafjord (formerly Baal’s River) on the eastern shore of the Labrador Sea. It seats at 64o 10’ N. Nuuk is known as the northernmost capital of the world. It is just a few kilometers farther north of Reykjavik.

Nuuk has a population of around 17,136. Its population represents a third of the total population of Greenland. Eight out of ten people of Nuuk live in the urban areas. The population of the capital city has increased tremendously since 1977 due to the increased birth rate and also due to the return of the citizens who were born outside the country. This return is due to an important in employment opportunities with higher wages.

The capital city is the main source of tourist activity within Greenland. Some of the tourist attraction sites include Nuuk Fjord and the panorama of mountains, the Labrador Sea, the Greenland national Museum, refreshing waterfalls, and probable summer sightings of humpback whales. The solitude and scenery of Greenland also offers a perfect backdrop for hunting, hiking, and kayaking, among other activities.

Nuuk boasts very low temperatures with long cold, snowy winters, and cool, short summers. This is due to the maritime-influenced tundra climate. The city can experience mild temperatures on brief periods of the year with monthly temperatures of 13oC or warmer. The monthly average temperatures range from – 7.5oC to 8oC though the all-time extreme temperatures range from – 32.5oC to 26.3oC.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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