Athens is the capital city of Greece. It is the oldest city in Europe, with a history that dates back to more than 3,000 years. After the Greek War of Independence that almost destroyed Athens ended in 1828, the then King Otto, established it as the capital of the newly independent Greece in 1834. He chose Athens as he wanted a Capital that would epitomize both Ancient and Modern Greece. Athens is found on the peninsula of Attica which is located on the South Eastern coast of Greece.

As at 2011, Athens had a population of 664,046 inhabitants which made it the most populous municipality in the country. The Athens Metropolitan area had a population of 3,753,783. That was the total number of the people living in the Athens Urban area with 3,090,508 residents, plus the inhabitants of the small villages and towns surrounding the city. Greek is the language spoken by the majority in the capital.

Athens’ rich history and well preserved ancient monuments offer a variety of things to do for visiting tourists. The city has a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Acropolis, which has monuments constructed in the Fifth Century BC. A few miles North West of the Capital are the Monasteries of Daphni which were built in the 6th Century AD and are also recognized by UNESCO. Visitors could also tour the Acropolis Museum which showcases artifacts that date from as early as the Greek Bronze Age to the Byzantine Age. There are many biking and walking tours that open up the capital and its many treasures to tourists. Tourism contributes 18% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Athens experiences a Mediterranean or Dry-Summer Subtropical Climate. It mostly alternates between long, dry and hot summers and relatively cold winters accompanied by modest rainfall. July is usually the warmest month, while January is the coldest. December is the wettest month in Athens, while June is the driest.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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