Where is El Salvador?

Located in Central America, El Salvador has a 590.00 km border with Guatemala (199 km) and Honduras (391 km). It has a 307.00 km coastline. The International Court of Justice ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" disputed areas along the El Salvador-Honduras border.

San Salvador is not only the largest city in El Salvador - it is also the country's capital city. It is a major financial hub within the country. Speaking in terms of population, it is one of the largest cities in the entire Central American region. Around 1.7 people live in San Salvador, which experiences a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.

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El Salvador is a North American country covering 21,041.00 km2 of which 1.52% is water and 20,721.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 47th smallest country in the world and about the same size as New Jersey. Its geographic coordinates are 13 50 N, 88 55 W and San Salvador is the capital city.

The name El Salvador is an abbreviation of the original Spanish conquistador designation for the area.

Its ISO code is SV.


El Salvador has a mean elevation of 442 m above sea level.

It has a tropical climate with a rainy season from May to October and a dry season from November to April. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with a narrow coastal belt and central plateau.


El Salvador has a population of 6,156,670 making it the 108th largest in the world.

Spanish is the official language. The major ethnic groups reported are mestizo, white, and Amerindian. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic and Protestant Christian.

The inhabitants of every country have unique languages by which they communicate. Spanish is the main language spoken in El Salvador. However, there are several other languages spoken in the country. They include Nahualt, Lenca, Nawat, Q’eqchi, and Cacaopera.

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The dialing code for the country is 503.


El Salvador is an independent country. It gained independence in 1821, from Spain. Its constitution was last ratified in 1983.

The government of El Slavador is a democracy whose president is elected by the citizens of the land. Voting occurs every five years. However, the president cannot serve for two consecutive terms. Elections in El Salvador are organized by the Legislative Assembly.

Read more on El Salvador's Government


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, El Salvador's GDP is $54,790,000,000.00 (USD) with $8,900.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 107th largest economy and its citizens the 141st richest in the world. The currency of El Salvador is the Dollar (USD).

Its major export partner is the United States. Its main exports are offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, and textiles. Its major import partners are the United States, Gautemala, and China. Its major imports include raw materials, consumer goods, and capital goods.


The El Salvador flag, like many other national flags is of much significance. It is used both as a state and war flag. It is also used as a civil and state ensign. The main colors on the flag of El Salvador are blue and white.

Read more on El Salvador's Flag

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018

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