Where is Canada?

Canada is a North American country covering 9,984,670.00 km2 of which 8.93% is water and 9,093,507.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 3rd largest country in the world and slightly larger than the US. Its geographic coordinates are 60 00 N, 95 00 W and Ottawa is the capital city.

Canada has a 8,893.00 km border with US (includes 2,477 km with Alaska). Canada and the United States dispute how the Beaufort Sea should be divided. In addition, the soveriegnty of Hans Island in the Arctic Ocean is disputed with Denmark.

The name "Canada" comes from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word "kanata" meaning "village" or "settlement".

Its ISO code is CA.

Geography

It is located in Northern North America. Canada has a mean elevation of 487 m above sea level.

It has a varied climate, from temperate in the southern part of the country to subarctic and arctic in the north. Its terrain consists mostly of plains with mountains in the west and lowlands in the southeast.

Population

Canada has a population of 35,362,905 making it the 38th largest in the world. The country's population mostly lives within 300 km of the border with the United States.

English and French are official languages. The majority ethnic groups reported are Canadian, English, French, Scottish, and Irish. The population is mostly Roman Catholic or Protestant, although a large number identify with being non-religious.

The dialing code for the country is 1.

Government

Canada is an independent country. It became a country in 1867. Its constitution was last ratified in 1867.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Canada's GDP is $1,670,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $46,200.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 17th largest economy and its citizens the 33rd richest in the world. The currency of Canada is the Dollar (CAD).

Its major export partner is the United States. Its main exports are motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, and chemicals. Its major import partners are the United States, China, and Mexico. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, and crude oil.