Diego Garcia is the only populated area of the British Indian Ocean Territory and therefore is considered to be the main city. The city became the main center of the population in 1971 after the United Kingdom and the United States came to an agreement so that the latter could build and lease a large military facility. Located in the middle of the Indian Ocean between Australia, India, Madagascar, Somalia, Singapore, and Sri Lanka. Diego Garcia is home to a large military base as well as military and civilian communications and living facilities.

Before 1971, around 2,000 Chagossians were living in the British Indian Ocean Territory, and now Diego Garcia is home to approximately 5,000 inhabitants at any one time. After a marine reserve was established in 2010, the people of Diego Garcia could no longer rely on the surrounding ocean to provide the majority of their food. Most food and other supplies are either air-lifted or shipped to the island.

The island of Diego Garcia is home to military personnel only and is not available for regular citizens to visit as tourists. According to United States Naval recruitment literature, the island of Diego Garcia is one of the best-kept secrets in the world with incredible natural beauty, recreational facilities such as a gymnasium and pool/sauna, as well as a lifestyle that has been called outstanding. Diego Garcia's main feature is a large runway that can accommodate a B-52 bomber and even a space shuttle in need of an emergency landing.

The climate of Diego Garcia is classified as a tropical marine environment which means that it is sunny, hot, and humid a lot of the time. The temperature is regularly in the 24-31 degrees Celsius range (76 to 88 degrees Fahrenheit) and rarely dips below 23 degrees Celsius (74 degrees Fahrenheit) or above 33 degrees Celsius (91 degrees Fahrenheit).

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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