Where is British Indian Ocean Territory?

Located in the Indian Ocean, British Indian Ocean Territory is an island nation. It has a 698.00 km coastline. Both Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands.

Diego Garcia is the de-facto capital, or central, city of the British Indian Ocean Territory and is located in the middle of the Indian Ocean. Home to a large aircraft runway and other military facilities, there are no native citizens of the island. The large runway in Diego Garcia can accommodate a B-52 bomber and be also built large enough in the event of a space shuttle emergency landing. The island is home to an enviable climate that can be classified as a tropical marine environment which provides a lot of consistent sunlight and heat. The island remains one of the world's best-kept secrets, and the natural beauty is rarely seen by anyone outside the military or military-service industry.

Read more on British Indian Ocean Territory's Capital

British Indian Ocean Territory is an Asian country covering 54,400.00 km2 of which 99.89% is water and 60.00 km2 is land. This includes the area for the 55 islands of Chagos Archipelago. and land area is about one-third the size of Washington, DC. Its geographic coordinates are 6 00 S, 71 30 E and Diego Garcia is the capital city.

Its ISO code is IO.

Due to the area being used as a joint military facility between the United Kingdom and the United States, English is the primary language of the British Indian Ocean Territory. The naval port and airfield located in Diego Garcia also house several communications facilities such as telephones and broadband internet as well as satellite television and radio services. The previous inhabitants of the region, the Chagossians, spoke a variation of French Creole that incorporates elements of African and Asian languages.

Read more on British Indian Ocean Territory's Languages

The dialing code for the country is 246.

The currency of British Indian Ocean Territory is the Dollar (USD).


British Indian Ocean Territory has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a tropical marine climate that is hot and humid, although it is moderated by trade winds. Its terrain is very low and flat.

The British Indian Ocean Territory is a British Overseas Dependency made up of military personnel from the United Kingdom and the United States of America. This military population is concentrated on the island of Diego Garcia. Located at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London, the Commissioner appoints a military representative who lives in the remote territory to represent them and pass down legislature or other rulings from the Queen or Commissioner. The region is shared by the United Kingdom, and the United States and the United States must ask permission if they are to use the base for offensive military action.

Read more on British Indian Ocean Territory's Government


The flag of the British Indian Ocean Territory is similar to those of many other British Overseas Dependencies, featuring a prominent Union Jack in the top left-hand corner. Also featured is a palm tree rising above St Edward's Crown which is another important British symbol. These two uniquely British symbols feature a background consisting of wavy blue and white lines, representing the waters of the Indian Ocean. The flag remains unofficial - however, the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory uses this flag in his London office as well as the flag being flown alongside the American flag at Diego Garcia. The flag was granted status by Queen Elizabeth in 1990 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the territory being under British control.

Read more on British Indian Ocean Territory's Flag

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018

More on Graphicmaps