The capital city of Brazil is Brasilia, which is located in the Brazilian Plateau. It also lies on the shores of Paranoá Lake, an artificial lake that was created to ensure a larger water supply for the city. Interestingly, Brasilia was planned and developed during the late 1950’s after the government decided to move the national capital to a more centralized and easily accessible location. The layout of Brasilia was planned to resemble a large bird. It was officially established as the capital on April 21, 1960 with the motto, “50 years of progress in 5”, to recognize the short period of time it took to complete the project.

As of 2016, Brasilia had a population size of 214,529. The entire metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population of 2,977,216 individuals. The actual city area was built to support about half a million residents; its metropolitan population has already surpassed that limit. When the capital opened in 1960, it had a population size just under 140 thousand, which quickly grew to around 537,000 only a decade later. Today, Brasilia is the fourth most populated city in Brazil. Additionally, it is the second largest Portuguese-speaking capital city in the world.

Because of its design and use of modern architecture, Brasilia has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tourists to this city are able to observe the modern architecture and well planned organization. For example, Brasilia is home to various sectors that were intentionally planned for specific uses, such as: the banking sector, hotel sector, residential sector, commerce sector, and embassy sector. Some of the most interesting buildings in this city include: the Palace of Justice and its waterfalls, the Three Power Square (where the National Congress, Supreme Court, and Presidential Palace are located, and the Cathedral.

Brasilia is located in a tropical savanna climate, although its altitude of 3,845 feet above sea level prevents it from experiencing extremely hot temperatures. This city generally maintains an average temperature of between 62° and 82° fahrenheit, depending on the season. It has two primary seasons: rainy and dry. Rainy season takes place between October and April, while dry season takes place between May and September. Brasilia receives an average annual rainfall of 60.65 inches.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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