Sarajevo is the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is both the country’s largest and most populous city. Sarajevo is also a cultural city. It is located in a valley along the Miljacka River close to Mount Trebević. Sarajevo was founded in the mid-15th century and was officially made the capital of Bosnia after independence on March 3rd, 1992.

The urban environment covers an area of 189 square miles while the metro area is about 1,290 square miles. The urban population is about 280,000 while the metro population is about 560,000. The city’s metro environment consists of the East Sarajevo, Sarajevo Canton, and several municipalities. Being the administrative head of the country, Sarajevo is run by the Federal government and the Mayor.

Sarajevo is filled with religious and cultural diversity. It has even been nicknamed the Jerusalem of Europe. The city is considered among the 50 best cities to visit in the world, and prides itself on being the only European city with an Orthodox church, a synagogue, mosque, and a Catholic church in one neighborhood. The city is best experienced on foot rather than in a vehicle.

The city experiences a humid continental climate with influence from the oceanic zones. There are four seasons, and the precipitation is evenly spread. In general, January is the coldest month while August is the warmest. For 46 days in a year, the temperature exceeds 32 degrees Celsius. On a typical day, Sarajevo experiences mildly cloudy skies. December is the cloudiest month. There are 1,769 hours of sunshine in a year. The biggest challenge facing the city is air pollution. The World Health Organization revealed that the air pollution in the city was three times higher than the recommended amount.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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