Where is Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Located in Southeastern Europe, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a 1,543.00 km border with Croatia (956 km), Montenegro (242 km) and Serbia (345 km). It has a 20.00 km coastline. Sections along the Drina River remain in dispute between Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a European country covering 51,197.00 km2 of which 0.02% is water and 51,187.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 70th smallest country in the world and slightly smaller than West Virginia. Its geographic coordinates are 44 00 N, 18 00 E and Sarajevo is the capital city.

Bosnia is named for the Bosna River, while Herzegovina gets its name from the German word "herzog", meaning duke.

Its ISO code is BA.


Bosnia and Herzegovina has a mean elevation of 500 m above sea level.

It experiences hot summers and cold winters, with extreme temperatures in areas of high elevation and mild, rainy winters near the coastline. Its terrtain consists of mountains and valleys.


Bosnia and Herzegovina has a population of 3,861,912 making it the 129th largest in the world. The most densely populated areas are in the northern and central areas of the country.

Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian are all official languages. The majority ethnic groups reported are Bosniak, Serb and Croat. The population is mostly made up of Muslims, Orthodox Christians, and Roman Catholics.

The dialing code for the country is 387.


Bosnia and Herzegovina is an independent country. It became independent with the dissoluton of Yugoslavia in 1992. Its constitution was last ratified in 1995.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Bosnia and Herzegovina's GDP is $42,530,000,000.00 (USD) with $11,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 112th largest economy and its citizens the 132nd richest in the world. The currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Marka (BAM).

Its major export partners are Slovenia, Italy, and Germany. Its main exports are metals, clothing, and wood products. Its major import partners are Croatia, Germany, and Slovenia. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, and fuels.

This page was last modified on December 15th, 2017