The government of Bermuda is a constitutional monarchy type of government with a democratic parliament. The government has been with the current government structures as stated in the constitution which was enacted in 1968. The country is the longest self-governing overseas territory of Great Britain with a major degree of sovereignty. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented by the governor and the head of government is the prime minister.

The constitution of Bermuda does not state the exact election date; the governor can dissolve the parliament at any time on the advice of the premier and ask for fresh elections. The members of the house of assembly holds office for a term of five years. As much as Bermuda has been a multi-party state for years now, there are only two parties who have dominated the political scene. In fact, winning a seat when running on a 3rd party ticket is rare - the last person to do so was in 1968. There is no limit to the number of times one can run for the seat. The premier is appointed by the governor, and the governor is appointed by the monarch.

The original parliament of Bermuda was the house of assembly which held their first session in 1620. The sessions took place in the state house until 1815 when the capital was moved to Hamilton. Thereafter the sessions were held in old town hall until they relocated to the Sessions House in 1826. This inspiring Italian-style building was built in 1819, and the clock tower was introduced in 1887. The Sessions House is located at 21 Parliament Street in Hamilton. The official home of the governor is the Government House which is located on Langton Hill, overlooking the North Shore. The known residence of the premier is the Camden, but he does not live there - he only holds the government functions at the Camden. The Camden is located in the Bermuda Botanical Gardens.

Generally, Bermuda has two political parties. They are the Progressive Labour Party and the United Bermuda Party.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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