The capital city of Belarus is Minsk. According to historians, Minsk was settled in the 9th century. It was previously under the control of Lithuania, Poland, and the Soviet Union. In 1919 Minsk became the capital of the Belarusian republic. After independence in 1991, it regained its status as the capital of Belarus. Minsk is located on the banks of the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.

Minsk is home to about 2 million people. The urban population is estimated at 2.2 million. Minsk is the most populous city in Belarus, and is also the most densely populated. About 74% of Belarus' population resides in urban environments.

Belarus is visited by about 200,000 people every year. Visa restrictions and an underdeveloped service industry undermines the country’s ability to attract tourists. Its neighbor Russia is visited by about 25 million visitors annually. Despite the low numbers, Belarus has several tourist attractions. The capital city Minsk, in particular, is filled with several attractive sites with the potential to attract thousands of tourists. One of the city’s major attractions site is Independence Avenue, a nine-mile long avenue that is one of Europe’s longest city thoroughfares. Other attractions include the Palace of Independence, Gorky Central Children’s Park, Aleksandrovsky Garden and the Minsk Hero City architectural and sculptural complex.

Minsk experiences a hemiboreal humid continental climate classified as “Dfb” under the Koppen classification. Its weather is unstable and is prone to sudden changes due to the influence of the moist air of the Atlantic and the dry air flowing from the Eurasian landmass. The city experiences severe winter and has no dry season. The summers are warm. The mean annual temperature is about 5.8°C. During winter, the temperature reaches -2.7 degrees Celsius during the day and drops to -8.3 degrees Celsius during the night. During spring the temperature can rise to 10.6 degrees Celsius during the day and fall to 1.5 degrees Celsius at night. Summers record high temperatures of 21.8 degrees Celsius during the day and 11.8 degrees Celsius during the night. There are about 1815 hours of sunshine per year.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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