The official name of the Bangladeshi Flag is the National Flag of Bangladesh or simply The Red & Green and it consists of a red disc on a green background. The red disk is slightly off the center towards the hoist such that it appears to be perfectly at the center when flying. Bangladeshis adopted the flag on January 17, 1972, after the Bangladesh Liberation War.

What Do the Flag's Colors and Symbols Mean?

The disc at the center of the flag represents the sun rising above Bengal. Bengal is a cultural, historical, and geopolitical region at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, eastern areas of the Indian subcontinent. The region spans the borders of India and Bangladesh. The red represents the blood of Bangladeshis who died during the Bangladesh Liberation War while the green field symbolizes the lushness of the Bangladesh landscape.

Who Designed the Flag?

Quamrul Hassan, a Bengali cubism artist and actor, designed the current flag based on previous designs of the same. Student leaders and activists of the movement Swadheen Bangla Nucleus designed the first version of the flag on June 6, 1970, in their rooms at the Dhaka University. These were Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed, Swapan Kumar Choudhury, Kazi Aref Ahmed, Shahjahan Siraj, Manirul Islam (Marshal Moni), Quamrul Alam Khan (Khasru), Hasanul Haq Inu, and ASM Abdur Rab. This flag included a map of East Pakistan. These students were keen to design a flag that had no resemblance with that of West Pakistan, therefore, omitted the star and crescent.

What Have Historical Versions of the Flag Looked Like?

Swadheen Bangla Nucleus’ design was very similar to the current flag but had a map of the former East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) in the middle of the red disc. Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed, Hasanul Haq Inu, and Enamul Haq traced the map from an atlas in at Hag’s room 312 that was one of the rooms at Quaid-I Azam Hall (currently Titumir Hall). Shib Narayan Das then painted the map on the flag and on March 2, 1971, at Dhaka University, the Students Union Vice President ASM Abdur Rab hoisted the flag for the first time.

This page was last modified on March 14th, 2018