Dhaka, formerly spelled as Dacca, is the capital and largest city in Bangladesh. The city has been in existence from the fifteenth century and was also the capital of East Pakistan before independence. Dhaka officially became the city of Bangladesh in 1971. The city is in Central Bangladesh along the eastern bank of the Buriganga River within the Bengal Delta. Dhaka the city is in the Dhaka District of Dhaka Division and covers an area of 118.29 square miles and the land is mostly moist with a tropical vegetation.

Dhaka is one of the most populated cities globally and the world’s fourth most densely populated city with a total population of 18,898,000 people living within the greater Dhaka Metro. The metropolis population stands at 14,399,000, this number accounts for the population of the neighboring localities that had merged with the city as of 2013. With a population density of 75,290 people per square mile, the city’s population grows at an estimated rate of 4.2% per year and, by 2025, Dhaka will have approximately 25 million people.

Dhaka exhibits a rich Bangladesh culture through art and secular or religious festivals. In addition, there are modern, pre-modern, and fifteenth-century rich architectural buildings. Old buildings include Lalbagh Fort (seventeenth century), Binat Bibi Mosque, Dhakeshwari Temple (1,200-year-old temple), Chawk Mosque (seventeenth century), Rose Garden Palace, Ahsan Manzil (eighteenth century), Tara Mosque, Hussaini Dalan (seventeenth century), Dhaka Gate, Armenian Church (built in 1781), Curzon Hall, and Dhanmondi Shahi Eidgah. There are over 2,000 buildings built between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries that are popular with tourists. Museums like Bangladesh National Museum, Liberation War Museum, and Museum of Independence provide additional information about the country. Lastly, the world’s largest mangrove site, the Sundarbans National Park, a UNESCO-listed site, is equally popular with tourists.

Dhaka has a tropical savanna climate (tropical wet and dry) under the Köppen climate classification. The average annual temperature is 79°F and the wettest months are May to October normally receiving 83.6 inches of rainfall, 87% of the total annual precipitation. The monsoon season is responsible for almost 80% of the total annual rainfall and flash floods.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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