Albania is a democratic republic with a unitary system of government. After independence in 1912, the state was constituted as a monarchy. In 1928 it became a socialist republic until 1992 when it became a democratic state. It is a multi-party state where the president is the head of state while the prime minister is the head of government. The Albanian parliament is tasked with the legislative responsibility as stipulated in the country’s constitution adopted on the 28th November, 1998. The president is also the commander in chief.

The Albanian Parliament has 140 members voted to serve for a 4-year term. The most recent parliamentary election was held on June 25, 2017. There are 12 counties in Albania with twelve multi-member constituencies. Parliamentary seats are then allocated according to the D'Hondt method. The president is elected by the parliament through a secret vote where the candidate must garner a three-fifths majority to be declared the winner. The president then appoints the prime minister. The president can serve a maximum of two four-year terms while the prime minister has no maximum terms.

The parliament building is located in the count’s capital of Tirana. The building was constructed in 1924. A new and modern parliament building is currently under construction. The president’s official residence is the Presidential Palace popularly known as the Palace of Brigades. It was officially opened in 1941 by King Zog I of the Albanians. It is located in Rruga e Elbasanit, Tirana 1044. The Prime Minister’s office is the official residence and workplace of the Albanian prime minister. It was built in 1941 as the headquarters of the Communist Party of Albania. It is located in Deshmoret e Kombit Boulevard1, Tirana.

The two major political parties of Albania are the Socialist Party of Albania, the Socialist Movement for Integration, the Democratic Party of Albania, and the Party for Justice, Integration, and Unity.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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