Hanoi is the capital city of Vietnam and is located in the northern part of the country. From 1010 until 1802, the city served as the political centre of the area before Hue briefly became the imperial capital. During the French colonial period in the area, Hanoi was the administrative centre of French Indochina from 1873-1902 and the official capital of French Indochina from 1902-1954. During the Vietnamese Civil War (1954-1976), Hanoi remained the capital city of Northern Vietnam and eventually became the capital of a reunified Vietnam after the North has won the war in 1976. Hanoi lies on the banks of the Red River, and the municipality covers 3,328.9 square kilometres (1,292 square miles).

The population of the Hanoi region is currently estimated at 7.6 million people which makes it the second largest district in the country regarding population. Around 3 million of these people live in the city of Hanoi, and the remaining population lives in the surrounding areas. The population of Hanoi is growing approximately 3.5 percent per year, and this is putting added stress on the city infrastructure.

Attractions in the city are plentiful, and Hanoi is consistently ranked in the top 10 destination lists of most travel providers and reviewers. From ancient temples and monuments to modern shopping and nightlife, Hanoi has everything a tourist would want to experience in one destination. French architecture and influence on city planning are evident in Hanoi, and this provides a unique aesthetic.

The climate of Hanoi can be classified as a humid subtropical environment, and the country experiences a lot of rainfall. Summer lasts from May until August in Vietnam and is characterized by hot, humid weather and plenty of rain. Winter, from November to January, sees dry and cool weather (by national standards) with little sunshine and plenty of cloud and fog covering the city. The average temperature at any time throughout the year is 23.6 degrees Celsius (74 degrees Fahrenheit), and the most common level of humidity is 79 percent. The highest temperature ever recorded in Hanoi was 42.8 degrees Celsius (109 degrees Fahrenheit) during May of 1926 and the lowest ever recorded was 2.7 degrees Celsius in January of 1955.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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