The capital and largest city of Ukraine is the historic city of Kiev, or Kyiv, a name derived from Kyi, one of its four legendary founders. From as early as the fifteenth century to date, Kiev has passed through periods of prominence and obscurity. Kiev lies on both sides of the Dnieper River in the central part of northern Ukraine. To the right-bank of the river is western part of Kiev which is older and has the Kiev Hills, ravines, and many smaller rivers. Kiev adjoins in the northern part at the mouth of the Desna River and the Kiev Reservoir. Bordering Kiev is Polesia ecological zone and the forest steppe biome. Kiev Oblast completely surrounds the city on the Dnieper Upland (to the west) and lowland (to the east).
There are around 2,887,974 people living in Kiev. The people in Kiev constitute more than 130 nationalities and ethnicities with Ukrainians being the largest (82.2%) ethnic group followed by Russians (13.1%). The metropolitan population includes satellite settlements and nearby rural areas whose citizens work in the city.
With a well-preserved old city, Kiev has many attractions that tell the story of East Slavic cultural civilization and Christianization. There are sacred sites like the Kiev Pechersk Lavra (the Monastery of the Caves) and the Saint Sophia Cathedral, which are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites. There are several theatres in the city. The city is also home to many museums and art galleries. After the introduction of visa-free entry for EU citizens, Kiev has witnessed a boom in the number of international tourists.
Kiev has a humid continental climate which experiences warm months from June to the end of August and coldest ones from December to February. Snowing occurs from mid-November to the end of March or early April. There are four seasons: chilly winter, mid-warm summer, and cool autumn and spring. This city has no dry season, though June and July are the rainiest months.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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