Where is Turkey?

Located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia, Turkey has a 2,816.00 km border with Armenia (311 km), Azerbaijan (17 km), Bulgaria (223 km), Georgia (273 km), Greece (192 km), Iran (534 km), Iraq (367 km) and Syria (899 km). It has a 7,200.00 km coastline. Complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes exist between Greece concerning the Aegean Sea.

Turkey is an Asian country covering 783,562.00 km2 of which 1.78% is water and 769,632.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 36th largest country in the world and slightly larger than Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 39 00 N, 35 00 E and Ankara is the capital city.

The country's name means "land of the Turks".

Its ISO code is TR.


Turkey has a mean elevation of 1,132 m above sea level.

It has a subtropical desert climate. The terrain consists of a high central plateau, narrow coastal plain and several mountain ranges.


Turkey has a population of 80,274,604 making it the 19th largest in the world. 20% of the total population lives in Istanbul.

Turkish is the official language, followed by Kurdish and other minority languages. The major ethnic groups reported are Turkish and Kurdish. The majority of the population is Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 90.


Turkey is an independent country. It proclaimed itself a republic in 1923. Its constitution was last ratified in 1982.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Turkey's GDP is $1,700,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $21,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 15th largest economy and its citizens the 79th richest in the world. The currency of Turkey is the Lira (TRY).

Its major export partners are Germany, the United Kingdom, and Iraq. Its main exports are apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, and transport equipment. Its major import partners are China, Germany, and Russia. Its major imports include machinery, chemicals, and fuels.

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018