Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is composed of a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy system of government. Like many other countries identified with the United Kingdom, the British Monarch is the head of state. However, the Queen does not reside on the island. Instead, a governor-general acts as a representative for the monarch. Moreover, there exists a Prime Minister who advises the governor-general and is the leader of the majority party.

A potential candidate must be nominated by no less than six registered voters from the constituency where he or she seeks to be elected. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has a two-party system with a House of Assembly consisting of 15 Members of Parliament elected for a five-year term, and six senators appointed by the Governor-General. The leader of the majority party that controls the House of Assembly becomes the prime minister and chooses the cabinet.

The Parliament of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is in the Courthouse building located in the capital city Kingstown. The Courthouse is built of small and irregular sized stones and enclosed with an iron railing. The upstairs of the building is a meeting point for the House of Assembly. There are also other public offices here such as the Registrar and the Marshall. Additionally, the Governor-General resides at the Government House. The present house was built in 1886 and is at Old Montrose on the outskirts of the capital city, Kingstown.

The two major parties in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines include the New Democratic Party and the Unity Labour Party.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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