The capital city of Niue is Alofi which is located on the western side of the island, close to the Niue International Airport. Alofi Bay accounts for approximately 30% of the island's coastline. The city consists of two villages, Alofi North and Alofi South. Alofi South is also the home to the Niue Assembly which is the parliament of the country. During the 2004 tropical storm Cyclone Heta, governmental and public buildings, such as the hospital, in the city were shifted 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) inland due to damages sustained.

The population of Alofi is less than 1,000 people which makes the city the second-smallest national capital in the world. Many who live in Alofi are either Niuean or part-Niuean with small minorities from Tonga, Samoa, and other Pacific Island nations residing in the city. The majority of the population speaks Niuean, Niuean-English, or New Zealand English. Alofi covers just 46.48 square kilometres (17.95 square miles) and has a population density of 12.5 people per square kilometre.

Niue provides natural scenery such as Tomb Point or Utoko Beach and the country is considered one of the most beautiful on the planet. An island nation such as Niue provides an excellent location for many sea-based activities such as boating, diving, and fishing, not to mention whale and dolphin watching. Cycling around the island is a great way to absorb the local scenery and many other attractions such as Opaahi Landing can be accessed by bicycle.

The climate of Alofi is classified as a tropical rainforest environment. The average temperature in the city during the hottest month of February is 27 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit). The average temperature during the cooler months of July and August is 23 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit). There is no dry season in the country but June-September sees less rainfall than the rest of the year. Between January and March around 250-300mm (9.8-11.8 inches)of rainfall per month is common.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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