Martinique is a Caribbean Island which forms part of the Lesser Antilles and is among the regions overseas France. Therefore, it falls under a similar governmental structure as France. The official name of the government of France is the Republic of France. On January 24, 2010 a referendum in Martinique approved the creation of a new territorial collectivity that was to be governed by section 73 of the constitution of France. The new territorial collectivity of Martinique replaced the power and duties of the departments regional council and general Council
Martinique has a bicameral parliamentary system with two houses of National Assembly and the Senate. Martinique sends two delegates to the Senate and four others to the National Assembly in Paris for representation in the national government. Consequently, a prefect from France is sent to act as the local administrator of the national government in Martinique. Politically, the island has substantial power to administer itself at a regional level. However, they cannot make regulations. The French government regulates the legislature and judiciary in Martinique. At the local level, the island has two parliamentary councils-namely the General Council and Regional Council. The head of the Regional Council has held executive powers in Martinique since March 2, 1982.
The headquarters of the Executive Council of Martinique is in the hotel district of Defferre Cluny, in the capital of Fort-de-France with Alfred Marie-Jeanne as the president. Yan Monplaisir is the vice president. The council has 45 elected members who serve for six years. It handles matters to do with education, roads, transportation, housing, and general infrastructure Since March 31, 2011, Josette Manin was the first woman to hold the office of leader of the General Council until 2015. The council consists of 41 members elected to serve for four years. The General Council deals with social, economic, cultural, sanitary, and scientific development issues. However, there is only one legislative house at the moment which has 51 members. The island has four administrative divisions also known as arrondissements, which are further divided into constituencies each of which is overseen by a voted municipal council.
In Martinique, elections take place at a regional level. Anyone at the age of 18 years and above is eligible to vote. Candidates vying for any seat should be 23 years and above and be in full possession of their political and civil rights. The electoral law is governed by the constitution while the electoral authority is under the Ministry of interior affairs of France. The dominant regional political parties in Martinique are the Martinican Independence Movement, Martinican Communist Party, Martinican Progressive Party, and Build the Martinique Country.
This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017