Upon Macao’s integration into China, Macao adopted its official flag on December 20, 1999. The flag is named the Lotus Flag due to the presence of a lotus flower on the flag. The white lotus flower is at the center of the flag on a green background. The flower is above the Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge. Five golden five-pointed stars are transposed over the lotus flower in an arced design. The middle star is larger than the other four.
The lotus flower is the floral emblem of Macao. The Carvalho Bridge at the bottom of the flower with water underneath symbolizes the fact that Macao is a port. The Carvalho Bridge links the Macao Peninsula with Taipa Island, and is an iconic landmark in Macao. The five stars above the lotus flower reiterate the design of the Chinese flag.
A professor by the name of Xiao Hong designed the flag of Macao. His design was selected out of 1,000 presented designs to represent Macao after its integration into China. The entries included flag designs that featured various landmarks in Macao such as St. Paul’s Cathedral and the Guia Fortress Lighthouse. However, Hong’s design stood out and was selected as Macao’s official flag. Hong’s design was further improved before being officially adopted.
Prior to 1999 when Macao officially adopted the Lotus flag, Macao used the Portuguese flag. The Portuguese flag is unevenly divided into green and red in the background, and is defaced with the Portuguese Coat of Arms in the center of the stripes. Macao also flew a flag known as the flag of the Municipality of Macao. It was used between 1975-1999. It consisted of a light blue background with two angels kneel facing each other, holding the coat of arms of the Municipality of Macao.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018