Vilnius, the capital city of Lithuania, is situated in the south-eastern region of the country. It is situated at the confluence of the Vilnia and the Neris Rivers. In fact, the city was named after River Vilnia. Vilnius was initially the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was referred to as Vilnia, in the letters of Gediminas, who recognized it as the capital and residence of the Grand Duchy in 1323. The constitution of Lithuania first recognized Vilnius as the capital in 1922. It regained its status after Lithuania became independent from the Soviet Union.

Vilnius experiences a humid continental climate. It receives an annual average precipitation of 682 millimeters. The summer temperatures are usually above 30 °C. July is the hottest month and January is the coldest. The winters in Vilnius are usually very cold with the temperatures barely reaching above the freezing point. The rivers and lakes around the city are usually frozen during the winter season.

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius, Kaunas, and Klaipeda. Vilnius recorded a population of 542,000 people in 2015 compared to 543,000 in 2010. The majority of the population (54%) is made up of locals. The population is made up of over 100 ethnic groups. It is the region with the highest population in the country.

Vilnius is a cosmopolitan city. Like most towns that developed during the medieval period, Vilnius is developed around its Town Hall. The unique architecture of Vilnius’ old town led to the listing of the city as a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in 1994. The buildings in the old town were built over many centuries, a reason why the architectural styles of over the 1500 buildings vary. The buildings in the old town serve a different purpose but have been a major tourist and cultural center in the city. The top tourist attraction sites in the city include the Museum of Genocide Victims, Neris Park and River, Gate of Dawn, Vilnius Cathedral, and Gediminas Towers

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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