The political system of India takes place in a constitutional federal representative democracy. India declared independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947 and this led to the adoption of a new constitution. This document was adopted by the Constituent Assembly in November of 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950. The Constitution of India is amendable through the two houses of parliament and the majority of state legislatures and over 100 amendments have been made since 1950.

Elections in India take place every five years for the national government and the first of these general elections took place in 1951. The last election in 2014 involved over 860,000,000 voters and was held in nine stages. The President of India is also elected every five years but this election takes place within an electoral college composing of the parliament and legislative assemblies of each state and territory. All of the individuals who vote in this presidential electoral college are directly elected. Elections for the Rajya Sabha take place every six years.

The national parliament of India is located in the capital city of New Delhi and consists of the Office of the President and two legislative houses, the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. This building was designed in 1912 with construction beginning in 1921 and ending in 1927. The building was inspired by the Chausath Yogini Temple at Morena. Currently, the Rajya Sabha consists of 245 seats and the Lok Sabha consists of 545.

Political parties in India include the All India Trinamool Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party among others.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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