Germany is made up of 16 states and is governed by a federal republic government. Power is divided among the federal republic parliament, the Laber (representatives of Germany regional states) and the Bundestag (parliament of Germany). Germany’s current government is headed by both the chancellor and the president who oversees parliament.

Germany’s elections are organized and handled by the federal electoral election system. Elections are typically carried on Sundays or on public holidays. Anyone who is above 18 years is eligible to vote. Two votes elect Germany's members of parliament. In Germany, there is no limit to how long a chancellor can serve. The chancellor is elected by newly elected members of Bundestag after a four-year term while the Federal Convention elects the president. The Federal Convention consists of an equal number of members from the parliament of Lander and the Bundestag. The president can only be elected for 2 five-year terms and must be above the age of 40.

The Reichstag (German parliament) is located in Berlin. It was built in the years between 1884 and 1894. Paul Wallot's design was picked from a competition which had 183 entries. The building is 450 feet by 318 feet and has a magnificent iron dome. The Chancellor’s official residence (Bundeskanzleramt) is in Berlin near the Reichstag. Bundeskanzleramt (chancellor’s official residence) contains the chancellor’s office and government offices. The top floor of the Bundeskanzleramt occupies the chancellor’s official residence. The president has two official residences - one is Bellevue Palace in Berlin, and the other is Hammerschmidt Villa in Bonn.

Active political parties of Germany include the Christian Democratic Union Party, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the Alternative for Germany, the Free Democratic party, the Left, and the Alliance '90/the Greens.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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