Germany is made up of 16 states and is governed by a federal republic government. Power is divided among the federal republic parliament, the Laber (representatives of Germany regional states) and the Bundestag (parliament of Germany). Germany’s current government is headed by both the chancellor and the president who oversees parliament.

The current chancellor of Germany is Angela Merkel. She has been in office since November 22, 2005. Merkel is the first East German to occupy the office of the chancellor, and she is the first female chancellor of Germany. She is currently serving her third term as the chancellor and handles the day to day activities of the government. Merkel was elected from a Conservative Christian Democratic Union party (CDU) ticket of which she is the leader. Germany also has a president, Frank-Walter Steinmeier. President Frank-Walter Steinmeier was elected on March 19, 2017. He is a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). The recently elected president has served as the minister of Foreign Affairs before his election. In Germany, the roles of a president are primarily ceremonial.

The Reichstag (German parliament) is located in Berlin. It was built in the years between 1884 and 1894. Paul Wallot's design was picked from a competition which had 183 entries. The building is 450 feet by 318 feet and has a magnificent iron dome. The Chancellor’s official residence (Bundeskanzleramt) is in Berlin near the Reichstag. Bundeskanzleramt (chancellor’s official residence) contains the chancellor’s office and government offices. The top floor of the Bundeskanzleramt occupies the chancellor’s official residence. The president has two official residences - one is Bellevue Palace in Berlin, and the other is Hammerschmidt Villa in Bonn.

Germany’s elections are organized and handled by the federal electoral election system. Elections are typically carried on Sundays or on public holidays. Anyone who is above 18 years is eligible to vote. Two votes elect Germany's members of parliament. In Germany, there is no limit to how long a chancellor can serve. The chancellor is elected by newly elected members of Bundestag after a four-year term while the Federal Convention elects the president. The Federal Convention consists of an equal number of members from the parliament of Lander and the Bundestag. The president can only be elected for 2 five-year terms and must be above the age of 40.

This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017