Finland is a unitary state with a representative democracy. The levels of government include the president, parliament, local government, state administration, independent judiciary, and indirect state administration. The Parliament of Finland, also called "eduskunta", was established in 1906 after the country gained its independence in 1917.

The current president of Finland is Sauli Niinisto who assumed office on March 1, 2012. Sauli is the head of state, and the 12th president to be elected under the Finnish Constitution. Sauli Niinisto is a member of the National Coalition Party. In Finland, the cabinet includes the prime minister and seven other ministers. The prime minister is the head of government and exercises executive power. The current prime minister of Finland is Juha Sipila. Sipila has been in office since May 29, 2015 and has held the position of an official leader for the Centre Party since June 9, 2012.

The Parliament House of Finland is located in Helsinki, the capital city. The construction of the house commenced in 1926 and was completed in 1931. The official inauguration of the building was March 7, 1931. The structure consists of five floors. The stories are linked by a white marble stairway. The official residence of the President of Finland is in Helsinki overlooking the market square. Its construction commenced in 1816 and ended in 1843 under the lead architects Pehr Granstedt and Carl Engel. Apart from the Presidential Palace, the president has a summerhouse in Kultaranta.

Finnish citizens of 18 years and above have the constitutional right to vote. However, in European and municipal elections, citizens of other countries who reside in Finland are eligible to vote. The elected president serves for a six-year term. The last elections were held on February 5, 2012. Upon election, the PM nominates seven ministers and the President of Finland appoints them to office. For one to be a minister, they should be a Finnish citizen with a standing reputation.

This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017