Where is Finland?

Located in Northern Europe, Finland has a 2,563.00 km border with Norway (709 km), Sweden (545 km) and Russia (1,309 km).Various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia and other areas which were ceded to the former Soviet Union.

Finland is a European country covering 338,145.00 km2 of which 10.15% is water and 303,815.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 66th largest country in the world and slightly more than two times the size of Georgia slightly smaller than Montana. Its geographic coordinates are 64 00 N, 26 00 E and Helsinki is the capital city.

The name is said to possibly derive from the ancient Fenni peoples.

Its ISO code is FI.


Finland has a mean elevation of 164 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Baltic Sea. Its highest elevation is Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) which is 1,328m above tall.

It has a cool temperate climate that is relatively mild. Its terrain is mostly low, with flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills.


Finland has a population of 5,498,211 making it the 117th largest in the world. The vast majority of the population lives in the south.

Finnish and Swedish are official languages. The major ethnic group is Finn followed by Swede. The majority of the population is Lutheran.

The dialing code for the country is 358.


Finland is an independent country. It gained independence from Russia in 1917. Its constitution was last ratified in 2000.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Finland's GDP is $226,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $40,600.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 62nd largest economy and its citizens the 40th richest in the world. The currency of Finland is the Euro (EUR).

Its major export partners are Germany, Sweden, and the United States. Its main exports are electrical and optical equipment, machinery, and transport equipment. Its major import partners are Germany, Sweden, and Russia. Its major imports include foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, and chemicals.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017