The Faroe Islands make up one of the two constituent countries of the Kingdom of Netherlands, and they have a parliamentary democracy. The island has one of the oldest Parliaments known as the Løgting. It goes back more than a 1,000 years ago during the Viking Era and is composed of 33 members. The islands were granted self-governing rights within the framework of the Home Rule Act of 1948 which specified the matters that the Løgting could or could not legislate.Elections for the members of the Løgting are held either once the Prime Minister calls for them or the members agree to dissolve the Løgting. They are elected either through direct, public or secret election to a four-year term. The Chairman after consulting with party leaders forwards a candidate as Prime Minister who has to be accepted by the majority of the members, to a four-year term. The Queen of the Kingdom of Netherlands appoints the High Commissioner.
The house of Parliament, locally referred to as the Løgting House, was built in 1856 in Vaglið which is located in the capital, Tórshavn. The Queen of Denmark lives in the Amalienborg palaces which are four palaces overlooking a plaza. Work on building the palaces started in 1750 and was completed in 1760.
Political parties in the Faroe Islands include the Union Party, the People's Party, the Social Democratic Party, and Republic.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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