The flag of Egypt consists of three horizontal stripes of red, white, and black, all of which are equal in size. The flag of Egypt also contains the national emblem in the centre which is known as the Eagle of Saladin. This flag has evolved from the Arab Liberation and Egyptian Revolution flags of 1952. This banner was officially adopted on 4 October 1984 after the country had declared itself the Arab Republic of Egypt.
The colors and symbols of this flag have significant meaning within Egyptian and other Arab countries in the region. These colors were given specific purpose by the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the revolution of 1952. The red is a symbol of struggle against British occupation and the monarchy. White is symbolic of the peaceful and bloodless nature of the revolution itself, and the black band symbolises an end to the oppression and foreign dominance of the people of Egypt.
The designers of the flag were the Free Officers, a group of military officers who instigated the 1952 revolution. Their flag is a visible source of inspiration for the current version which was implemented in 1984. The design has inspired several other flags in the region including Iraq, Syria, and Yemen, each with their own (or even left plain) national symbol in the central white band.
Previous Egyptian flags include the flag of the United Kingdom as well a flag very similar to that of the Ottoman Empire. From the period of 1922-1953, the Egyptian national flag resembled the modern flag of Pakistan with a green field incorporating an Islamic crescent moon and stars. The 1953 flag of the Republic of Egypt is very similar to the current version except the eagle symbol is much more significant and contains the same Islamic symbols as the flag of 1922.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018