The capital city of Djibouti is Djibouti City, located in the eastern part of the country and situated in the Gulf of Aden in the Horn of Africa. The area was established as a trading port in 1888 by French colonialists and is well-known for 19th-century colonial architecture. Djibouti City was formerly a part of French-Somaliland until the country gained independence in 1977 and is strategically positioned in one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. The urban area is divided into 21 districts and is the cultural, financial, and educational center of Djibouti.

The population of the city is estimated at just over 530,000 with many citizens being from Afar or Somali descent. 94% of inhabitants are considered Muslim and the remaining populace are considered Christian or Catholic. The ethnic makeup of the city was subject to rapid diversification during the 1990s after an influx of Ethiopian and Somali migrants. The city serves as a major transportation hub for the region with an international airport, and extensive road and rail network accompanying the port.

Tourism is a burgeoning economic sector in Djibouti that generates between 50,000-75,000 arrivals per year. The favorable climate in the nation, as well as the beaches in the Bab al-Mandab and Gulf of Tadjoura, provide popular sites for tourists. Scuba diving and fishing are also popular as well as hiking, bird watching, and historical sites such as the Korijib Mosque.

The climate of Djibouti City is classified as an arid environment with hot, humid, and dry summer months. This period of the year sees average highs reach 42 degrees Celsius (108 degrees Fahrenheit). The winter months (December-February) see average highs of 29 degrees Celsius (84 degrees Fahrenheit) and average lows of around 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit). Sunshine is in plentiful supply in Djibouti with the country averaging 8-10 hours of sunlight per day.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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