Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark. Copenhagen was founded in the tenth century as a fishing village by the legendary Vikings, mainly because of the natural harbor and good herring stocks. The village attracted a lot of fishers and merchants who occasionally visited and eventually created a permanent settlement. The fishing town received a charter as a city under Bishop Jakob Erlansen in the mid-1330s. With the establishment of Kalmar Union which saw the merging of Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden into a single monarch, Copenhagen emerged in 1416 as the capital of Denmark when Eric of Pomerania moved his seat to Copenhagen Castle.
The city of Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, the largest of Denmark’s islands. The other small portion of the city is located on Amager Island, which borders Malmo, the city of the Swedish province of Scania. The strait of Oresund separates the two regions. Copenhagen is the most populous city in Denmark and in the Nordic region as a whole. Urban Copenhagen has a population of 1.3 million people living in the area. The Metropolitan area is made up of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Dragor, and Tarnby municipalities, together which have a combined population of more than two million inhabitants.
Copenhagen experiences an oceanic climate which has average monthly mean temperatures of 22°C in warmest month and above 0°C in coldest month. Precipitation is mainly moderate with slightly higher rainfall from July to September. Snowfall is mainly experienced from late December to early March. June, with eight hours of sunshine, is the sunniest month of the year, with an average daytime temperature of 21°C. July is the warmest month in Copenhagen. Copenhagen lies on the northern latitude where the number of daylight hours varies between summer and winter. During summer, up to 17 hours of daylight are experienced, whereas in winter, the city gets only 7 hours of daylight. However, from December to February, the city gets only one and half hours of daylight.
The city of Denmark is a fuse of historical and modernity, traditional, and innovative design. The historic city center is home to historic sights and a vibrant city life. Major attractions include Tivoli Gardens, the famous statue of the Little Mermaid, Rosenborg Castle, and Amalienborg, the queen's winter residence.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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