The capital city of Belize is Belmopan. It is also called the Garden City, and it became the capital city of Belize in 1970 after the former capital, Belize City, was almost destroyed by Hurricane Hattie in 1967. It is a planned settlement and it was chosen because of its location, which is inland and therefore safer from tropical cyclones. The reclamation efforts would not be costly and would provide an industrial area. The government was moved into Belmopan in 1970 and it is located in Cayo District near the Belize River Valley. It is 50 miles west of Belize City on an elevation of 250 feet above sea level.

The city of Belmopan has a population of more than 20,000 inhabitants. The major ethnic group are the Mestizos and makes up about 50% of the whole population. The others are the Maya and Garifuna. It also has many immigrants from Central America and China. The city is the fastest growing settlement in Belize and is the third largest settlement in the country after Belize City and San Ignacio. The rapid expansion has been due to the increasing number of people moving from Belize City as well as the immigrants who have settled on its outskirts in the suburbs of Las Flores, Salvapan, and San Martin.

Some of the many attractions include St. Herman’s Cave, which Ancient Mayans used for their ceremonies or Actun Tunichil Muknal (ATM) which is a Mayan sacrificial burial site near Belmopan and contains a set of humans remains as well some ceramics. Tourists can also choose among many exciting activities like cave tubing through the caves or hiking and zip lining through the jungle. Many tour companies facilitate all these activities. There are also many nightclubs on the outskirts of the capital that provide night entertainment.

Belmopan has a tropical monsoon climate according to the Koppen Climate classification. It experiences significant rainfall in its wet season which runs for the better part of the year, that is, from May to February. Even during the dry season, it still experiences some rainfall. The average monthly temperatures do not vary a lot, with an average of 76.82°F.

This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017