The capital of Aruba is called Oranjestad, which means "orange town" in Dutch. It is located on the western coast of the Island. The Dutch colonized the region around Oranjestad in the mid-17th century. It was then known as the Bay of Horses because the locals would capture wild horses and sell them to the Dutch colony of Curacao. It was named after King Willem van Oranje-Nassau after gold was discovered in the area. It is often called “Playa” in the local language of Papiamento.

The population of Oranjestad is estimated to be around 30,000 people. About 80% of the population Oranjestad report a mixture of white, black or Indigenous Caribbean ancestry. Other ethnicities comprise 20% of the whole population. With a high standard of living, Oranjestad has attracted many immigrants from all over the world. There are some from South America, Europe, other Caribbean islands, Africa and even China. In all, more than 90 nationalities are represented in the nation of Aruba.

There are many tourist activities in Oranjestad. Conventional activities include sailing, snorkel and even hoverboarding. Fort Zoutman, the oldest building on the island, is also a major tourist draw. It was built in 1798 by the Dutch to ward off attacks. It was restored and reopened in 1983 as the Historical Museum of Aruba. Another interesting location is the Aloe Museum, which gives visitors a view into the past on how Aloe was produced in Aruba that comes with more than 160 years history of cultivation and processing

The city of Oranjestad experiences a tropical monsoon climate and has only two seasons, a wet and a dry season. The average temperature for the year is around 83.0°F. June is usually the warmest month while January is the coolest with average temperatures of 85.0°F and 81.0°F respectively. Oranjestad gets about 18.9 inches of precipitation annually. The month of November has the most precipitation at an average of 3.5 inches. March has the least precipitation at an average of 0.4 inches

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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