Where is Syria?

Located in the Middle East, Syria has a 2,363.00 km border with Iraq (599 km), Israel (83 km), Jordan (379 km), Lebanon (403 km) and Turkey (899 km).Golan Heights is Israeli-occupied with a UN patrolled buffer zone. Sections of the Syria and Lebanon border are also unclear.

Syria is an Asian country covering 185,180.00 km2 of which 0.84% is water and 183,630.00 km2 is land. The includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory. This makes it the 90th largest country in the world and slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Pennsylvania. Its geographic coordinates are 35 00 N, 38 00 E and Damascus is the capital city.

The name comes from the ancient Assyrians, who used to dominate northern Mesopotamia.

Its ISO code is SY.


Syria has a mean elevation of 514 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is unnamed location near Lake Tiberias which is -200m below sea level. Its highest elevation is Mount Hermon which is 2,814m above tall.

It has a tropical climate with a rainy season from June to August. Its terrain is mostly semiarid and arid, with mountains in the west.


Syria has a population of 17,185,170 making it the 65th largest in the world. The highest population density is found along the Mediterranean coast.

Arabic is the official language. The major ethnic group is Arab. The majority of the population identifies as Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 963.


Syria is an independent country. It gained independence from League of Nations mandate in 1946. Its constitution was last ratified in 2012.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Syria's GDP is $50,280,000,000.00 (USD) with $2,900.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 109th largest economy and its citizens the 186th richest in the world. The currency of Syria is the Pound (SYP).

Its major export partners are Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. Its main exports are crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, and textiles. Its major import partners are Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran. Its major imports include machinery, electric power machinery, food, and livestock.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017