Where is Samoa?

Located in Oceania, Samoa is an island nation. It has a 403.00 km coastline.

The capital and one and only urban center in American Samoa is Pago Pago. Located on the main island of Tutuila, the city is home to 3,656 residents but that figure rises to 11,500 when all of the nearby villages of Greater Pago Pago are factored into the count. Some 90% of citizens living in American Samoa reside in Pago Pago. Tourism is an important industry which greatly contributes to the local economy. Tourists come to the South Pacific city in order to see picturesque sights such as Rainmaker Mountain which rises to a height of 1,716 feet. The Jean P. Haydon Museum is another popular attraction which allows visitors to learn more about the unique art, history, and culture of the local area.

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Samoa is an Oceanian country covering 2,831.00 km2 of which 0.35% is water and 2,821.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 29th smallest country in the world and slightly smaller than Rhode Island. Its geographic coordinates are 13 35 S, 172 20 W and Apia is the capital city.

The name "Samoa" translates into "Holy Center".

Its ISO code is WS.

Geography

Samoa has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm summers. Its terrain is mostly volcanic and rugged.

Population

Samoa has a population of 198,926 making it the 183rd largest in the world.

Samoan is the official language spoken. The majority of the popupulation is reported as having Samoan ethnicity. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic.

The territory of American Samoa has two official languages; English and Samoan. The Polynesian language of Samoan is made up of fourteen letters including five vowels and three loan words. Along with the residents of the Independent State of Samoa there are approximately 510,000 people whose mother tongue is Samoan. Because more than 91% of the population of American Samoa identify themselves as native Samoans it stands to reason that most of the population are fluent in their native language. About 80% of residents speak English. Other minority languages spoken in the region include Tongan, Japanese, as well as several other Pacific Island languages.

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The dialing code for the country is 685.

Government

Samoa is an independent country. It gained independence in 1962, from New Zealand-administered United Nations trusteeship. Its constitution was last ratified in 1960.

American Samoa is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States of America. Its official head of state is the President of the U.S. The head of government is the Governor who is elected alongside the Lieutenant Governor. American Samoa’s legislature is called the Fono which conducts the business of the government in a bee hive shaped building called the Maota Fono complex which was built in 1973. The government’s House of Representatives is made up of twenty one members while the Senate includes eighteen elected officials. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, as well as members of the Senate all serve four year terms

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Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Samoa's GDP is $1,046,000,000.00 (USD) with $5,400.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 202nd largest economy and its citizens the 160th richest in the world. The currency of Samoa is the Tala (WST).

Its major export partners are American Samoa and Australia. Its main exports are fish, coconut oil and cream, nonu, and copra. Its major import partners are Fiji, New Zealand, and China. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, and foodstuffs.

Flag

American Samoa’s flag is representative of its people, history, and status as a territory of the United States. Its use of the traditional Samoan and American colors of red, white and blue symbolizes the importance of the connection between these two nations. Another American reference on the flag is the presence of the bald eagle which is the national bird of the United States. Traditional regional symbols on the flag include a fly whisk or fue which represents wisdom while the presence of a war club or uatogi denotes power. Before becoming an overseas colony American Samoa did not have an official flag. Beginning in 1900 the island flew the U.S. national flag. A new design that better reflected the local traditions and identity of American Samoa was proposed in the mid-20th century. A new flag was designed through cooperation between local government leaders and the U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry. The current official flag of American Samoa was adopted on April 27, 1960.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018