Where is Saint Pierre and Miquelon?

Located in Northern North America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon is an island nation. It has a 120.00 km coastline.

The capital city of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is Saint-Pierre, which is on the eastern shore of Saint-Pierre island, off the coast of Newfoundland. Saint-Pierre has been the capital city of the two islands since 1985. The population of Saint-Pierre is slightly below 5,000 people, with the bulk of the town’s inhabitants being of Normand, Breton, Acadian, and Basque origin. Saint-Pierre is the commercial and administrative center of the islands, with fishing as the primary source of livelihood. Saint-Pierre is a popular tourist destination, primarily because of its well-renowned heritage centers. The climate of Saint-Pierre is subarctic and humid continental.

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a North American country covering 242.00 km2. The area includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups. and about 11 times smaller than Rhode Island. Its geographic coordinates are 46 50 N, 56 20 W and Saint-Pierre is the capital city.

Its ISO code is PM.


Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a tropical climate with little to no temperature variation and a rainy season from May to October. Its terrain is mostly made up of barren rock.


Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a population of 5,595 making it the 226th largest in the world. The majority of the population is found on Saint Pierre Island.

French is the official language. The majority of the population is reported as Basques and Bretons. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic.

As a collectivity of France, French is the official and national language in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The language was made official under the French constitution of 1958. French is a romance language belonging to the Indo-European language group. The alphabet is founded on the Latin script and contains 26 letters, like the English alphabet. However, there might be varying differences in pronunciations due to the accent applied in some letters. French speakers make about 97.6% of Saint Pierre and Miquelon’s population while the rest use English to communicate. Basque was formerly spoken on the island. However, it was extinct by the 1950s.

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The dialing code for the country is 508.


It is a territorial collectivity of France. Its constitution was last ratified in 1958.

The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon form a self-governing French Overseas Collectivity that has a parliamentary democracy. The Head of State is the French President, who is represented by a Prefect. The Prefect represents the interests of the French Republic.With the addition of the Cabinet and the President of the Territorial Council, they make up the Executive branch of government. The Territorial Council, which is made up nineteen members - fifteen for Saint Pierre and four for Miquelon - is the legislative branch of government. Although Saint Pierre and Miquelon is self-governing, it has limited autonomy on many issues, for example, although it can legislate on its taxes and customs duty, law enforcement and defense fall under France’s responsibility. The islands elect two representatives to France’s National Assembly and its Senate.

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Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Saint Pierre and Miquelon's GDP is $215,300,000.00 (USD) with $34,900.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 217th largest economy and its citizens the 51st richest in the world. The currency of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is the Euro (EUR).

Its major imports include meat, clothing, fuel, and electrical equipment.


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a French collectivity. It has two flags in use - the local unofficial flag which has a yellow ship sailing on a blue background, and the French National flag for all official functions. The design of the flag was a single businessman’s work. Ever since the occupation of the island, France’s national flag has been used, even today in an official capacity.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018

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