Where is Northern Mariana Islands?

Located in Oceania, Northern Mariana Islands is an island nation. It has a 1,482.00 km coastline.

The capital of the Northern Marianas Islands is Saipan, located in the Marianas chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean. In the 2010 national census, the population of Saipan was found to be 48,220 which corresponds to 90% of the nation's populace. Residents of Saipan are mostly of Asian descent (51%), including Chinese, Filipino, Japanese and Korean communities with smaller numbers of Thai, Bangladeshi, and Nepalese living in the city. Pacific Islanders make up approximately 35% of the citizens of the Northern Marianas Islands. The climate of Saipan is classified as in between a tropical rainforest and tropical monsoon environment. The average year-round high in the city is approximately 29 degrees Celsius (84 degrees Fahrenheit). The climate of the Northern Marianas Island does not vary greatly. Attractions in Saipan include amazing beaches found on the southern and western coasts as well as hiking or walking through amazing scenery. The local seafood is incredibly fresh and the bars and nightlife provide tourists with a great food and beverage scene. The local currency is United States Dollars and people drive on the right-hand side

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Northern Mariana Islands is an Oceanian country covering 464.00 km2. The area consists of 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian. and 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC. Its geographic coordinates are 15 12 N, 145 45 E and Saipan is the capital city.

Its ISO code is MP.


Northern Mariana Islands has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a tropical marine climate that is moderated by northeast trade winds with little to no temperature variation. Its terrain is mostly made up of limestone, with some coral reefs and active volcanoes.


Northern Mariana Islands has a population of 53,467 making it the 207th largest in the world.

Philippines languages are spoen by over 30% of the population, followed by Chamorro and English. The major ethnic groups reported are Asian and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. The majority of the country is Christian (Roman Catholic).

The official languages of the Northern Marianas Islands are English, Chamorro, and Refaluwasch. Chamorro is an Austronesian language spoken by approximately 12,000 people as well as being spoken in neighbouring Guam. This language is heavily influenced by the Northern Marianas Islands colonial past under Spanish rule. Refaluwasch, also known as Carolinian, is a threatened Austronesian language that is spoken by a few people in the country. Minority languages in the country are plentiful with such a varied ethnic makeup in population. Asian dialects such as Filipino and Chinese are the most prevalent minority languages in the country. There are also small numbers of native Bangladeshi, Japanese, and Korean speakers in the Northern Marianas Islands. Some of these minority languages have greater numbers of speakers than the official Carolinian language. Approximately 20% of the country speaks Chamorro although the numbers of speakers of this language is declining year-by-year. Just over 3,000 people speak the Realuwasch-Carolinian language and it is in danger of going extinct in the near future. The majority of the nation speaks English as a first or second language due to strict, often oppressive, language policies implemented by the United States after World War II. This practice led to the indigenous languages of the country becoming diminished in their use throughout the country

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The dialing code for the country is -669.


It is in a commonwealth political union with the United States. Its constitution was last ratified in 1979.

The political system of the Northern Marianas Islands is considered to be a presidential democratic republic. The nation is considered a commonwealth of the United States with relative autonomy on domestic issues. The Governor of the Northern Marianas Islands is the official name of the head of government. Executive power is held by the governor and legislative power is vested in the parliament of the country. A Covenant Agreement was reached between the United States of America and the Northern Marianas Islands which supplies the islands with financial aid and protection if needed. Elections in the nation take place every two years in the Northern Marianas Islands. Election results usually see two or three political parties gaining seats in parliament. The parliamentary chambers of the Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature are known as the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives has 20 members and the Senate has nine.

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Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Northern Mariana Islands's GDP is $682,000,000.00 (USD) with $13,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 208th largest economy and its citizens the 115th richest in the world. The currency of Northern Mariana Islands is the Dollar (USD).

Its major imports include food, construction equipment and materials.


The flag of the Northern Marianas Islands consists of a blue field with a latte stone and white, five-sided star in the centre. This arrangement is surrounded by a decorative wreath that encompasses indigenous art. The latte stone, an ancient stone pillar, is symbolic of the Chamorro people and their ancient structures. The Chamorro are one of the ancient indigenous ethnicities in the region. The white star in the centre of the flag is a symbol of the United States of America as well as the peace this association provides. The decorative wreath, known as a mwarmwar, symbolises the Carolinian people who have roots in the area tracing back 2,000 years. The blue field is a symbol of the vast Pacific Ocean as well as the Mariana Trench. The current flag was designed and implemented by the government of the Northern Marianas Islands in 1985 after a constitutional convention. The design was heavily inspired by the national banner used from 1972-1981. The present-day flag is a source of nationalistic pride for many citizens of the country and is seen as a symbol of a peace-loving culture.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018

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