Where is Iceland?

Located in Northern Europe, Iceland is an island nation.Iceland, the United Kingdom, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm.

Iceland is a European country covering 103,000.00 km2 of which 2.67% is water and 100,250.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 109th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; about the same size as Kentucky. Its geographic coordinates are 65 00 N, 18 00 W and Reykjavik is the capital city.

The country was named "land of ice" by an early explorer of the island.

Its ISO code is IS.


Iceland has a mean elevation of 557 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Atlantic Ocean. Its highest elevation is Hvannadalshnukur (at Vatnajokull Glacier) which is 2,110m above tall.

It has a temperate climate due to the moderation of the North Atlantic Current. Its terrain is mostly made up of plateaus with some mountain peaks and icefields.


Iceland has a population of 335,878 making it the 177th largest in the world. Half of the country's population lives in Reykjavik.

Icelandic is the official language. The major ethnic group reported is a homogenous mixture of Norse and Celts. The majority of the population belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland.

The dialing code for the country is 354.


Iceland is an independent country. It became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown in 1918. Its constitution was last ratified in 1944.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Iceland's GDP is $16,150,000,000.00 (USD) with $48,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 151st largest economy and its citizens the 30th richest in the world. The currency of Iceland is the Krona (ISK).

Its major export partners are the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Spain. Its main exports are fish and fish products. Its major import partners are Norway, Germany, the United States. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, and textiles.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017