Where is Bulgaria?

Located in Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria has a 1,806.00 km border with Greece (472 km), Macedonia (162 km), Romania (605 km), Serbia (344 km) and Turkey (223 km). It has a 354.00 km coastline. The country is not currently involved in any territory disputes.

Bulgaria is a European country covering 110,879.00 km2 of which 2.16% is water and 108,489.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 103rd largest country in the world and almost identical in size to Virginia; slightly larger than Tennessee. Its geographic coordinates are 43 00 N, 25 00 E and Sofia is the capital city.

It is named after the Bulgar tribes who settled the lower Balkan region in the 7th century AD.

Its ISO code is BG.


Bulgaria has a mean elevation of 472 m above sea level.

It has a temperate climate with cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with some lowlands.


Bulgaria has a population of 7,144,653 making it the 101st largest in the world. The country has a fairly even population distribution.

Bulgarian is the official language; Turkish and Romani are both also spoken. The major ethnic groups reported are Bulgarian and Turkish. The population is mostly Eastern Orthodox Christian with a large Muslim minority.

The dialing code for the country is 359.


Bulgaria is an independent country. It gained complete independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Its constitution was last ratified in 1991.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Bulgaria's GDP is $143,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $20,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 76th largest economy and its citizens the 83rd richest in the world. The currency of Bulgaria is the Lev (BGN).

Its major export partners are Germany, Italy, Turkey, or Romania. Its main exports are clothing, footwear, iron and steel, and machinery. Its major import partners are Germany, Russia, and Italy. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, metals and ores, and chemicals.

This page was last modified on December 15th, 2017