Where is New Caledonia?

New Caledonia is an Oceanian country covering 18,575.00 km2 of which 1.62% is water and 18,275.00 km2 is land. This makes it the93 smallest region in the world and slightly smaller than New Jersey. Its geographic coordinates are 21 30 S, 165 30 E and Noumea is the capital city.

New Caledonia is an island nation. The Matthew and Hunter Islands, east of New Caledonia, are claimed by France and Vanuatu.

Its ISO code is NC.

Geography

It is located in Oceania. New Caledonia has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a tropical climate that is modified by southeast trade winds. Its terrain consists mainly of coastal plains with some interior mountains.

Population

New Caledonia has a population of 275,355 making it the 182nd largest in the world.

French is the official language, and 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects are also widely spoken. Major ethnic groups include Kanak, European, and Wallisian. The majority of the country is either Roman Catholic or Protestant.

The dialing code for the country is 687.

Government

It is an overseas territory of France. Its constitution was last ratified in 1958.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, New Caledonia's GDP is $10,770,000,000.00 (USD) with $31,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 155th largest economy and its citizens the 58th richest in the world. The currency of New Caledonia is the Franc (XPF).

Its major export partners are China, Japan, and the United Kingdom. Its main exports are feronickels, nickel ore, and fish. Its major import partners are France, Australia, and South Korea. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, and foodstuffs.