Where is Ghana?

Located in Western Africa, Ghana has a 2,420.00 km border with Burkina Faso (602 km), Cote d'Ivoire (720 km) and Togo (1,098 km).The country has disputed maritime borders between Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire.

Ghana is an African country covering 238,533.00 km2 of which 4.61% is water and 227,533.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 83rd largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Oregon. Its geographic coordinates are 8 00 N, 2 00 W and Accra is the capital city.

The name "Ghana" comes from the medieval West African kingdom of the same name.

Its ISO code is GH.


Ghana has a mean elevation of 190 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Atlantic Ocean. Its highest elevation is Mount Afadjato which is 885m above tall.

It has a tropical climate that is dry along the southeast coast and in the north, and humid in the southeast. Its terrain is mostly made up of low plains with a plateau in the south-central area.


Ghana has a population of 26,908,262 making it the 48th largest in the world.

Asante, Ewe, Fante, Boron, and Dagomba all spoken; other languages are spoken by 31.2% of the population. The majority ethnic group is Akan, followed by Mole-Dagbon and Ewe. The majority of the country identifies as Christian.

The dialing code for the country is 233.


Ghana is an independent country. It gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957. Its constitution was last ratified in 1992.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Ghana's GDP is $121,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $4,400.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 81st largest economy and its citizens the 167th richest in the world. The currency of Ghana is the Cedi (GHS).

Its major export partners are India, Switzerland, and China. Its main exports are oil, gold, cocoa, and timber. Its major import partners are China, Nigeria, and the Netherlands. Its major imports include capital equipment, refined petroleum, and foodstuffs.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017